Rameswaram is a small town in the southeast of the state of Tamilnadu. It is located on the Pamban Island in the Gulf of Mannar. Pamban Bridge connects it to the mainland. It is one of the major pilgrim centres in India. The economic part of Rameswaram is mostly dependent on Commercial Deep Sea fishing, Sea Cucumber, Lobster and Conch collection etc.
Rameswaram is 570 kilometres from Chennai. It is well-connected spot by the air, rail and road transport. The nearest airport is Madurai Airport, 149 kilometres from Rameswaram. It can also be reached by Tuticorin Airport. If you are availing train, then Rameswaram railway station is the nearest one. There are also bus, car, cab, rented taxi services to reach the place from different cities.
Rameswaram is mainly famous for Sri Ramanathaswamy Temple. Sri Ramanatha Swamy and Parvathavarthini temple is a significant pilgrimage. The corridors with the massive sculptured pillars made this temple internationally renowned. The construction of this temple continued starting from 1904 till 2007.ALAR family of Devkottai, Ramanatha Sethupathy and Jagadguru Pujyasri Shankaracharya Swamijis of Sringeri, Kanchi contributed to the construction of this magnificent temple. The pooja performed to Spatikalingam installed by Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya.There is one Vishwalingam brought by Hanuman from Kailash and the other Ramalingam, installed by Sita. The Main festivals are Maha Shivratri, Navaratri-Dussear, Skanda Sasthi etc. 22 Theertham or wells found inside the temple and 22 theertham outside the temple. It is believed that the one who bathes in these wells get absolved of their sins.
Agniteertham: The sacred sea shore just 100 metres away from the temple. The devotees dip into the sea to get rid of their sins.
Gandamadana Parvatham: This is a hillock from where the whole island is visible. The imprint of Lord Rama’s feet can be seen on a chakra.
The Panchamuga Hanuman Temple: Here one can see the floating stone that used to build the bridge between India and Sri Lanka.
Jada Theertham: Here Lord Rama washed his hair after he killed Ravana to purify himself.
Satchi Hanuman Temple: This temple is located where Hanuman Ji delivered the news to Lord Rama that he has found Maa Sita with the evidence of her Choodamani jewel.
Nambu Nayagiamman Temple: The local people highly admire this temple of Ramnad district.
Kothandaramaswamy Temple: This is located at the place where Bibhishanan, the brother of Ravana surrendered to Lord Rama.
Annai Indira Gandhi Road Bridge or Pamban Bridge: This is the longest sea bridge in India of the length nearly 2.2 kilometres.The support of 64 pillars out of the 79 pillars is placed in the sea.
Kurusadai Island (23 km): This is Marine Biosphere. It attracts nature lovers, biologists and researchers. Here one can see Dolphin, Coral Reefs, Sea cows and Dugong.
Dhanushkodi: This is a piece of land between The Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean. The confluence of these oceans looks like a bow, and the land piece is an arrow to throw. This is an exotic beach.
Uththirakosa Mangai: This temple attracts thousands of devotees of Shiva on the day of Arudhra Festival in Dec-Jan. The devotees get to see the rare emerald statue of 5.5 ft tall Nataraja called “Margatha Natarajar” that used to unveil only this day.
Erawadi [80 kms]: This is an 800 years old tomb of Sultan Ibrahim Syed Aulis. Santhanakoodu festival which is being held annually here attracts pilgrims from Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Singapore irrespective of caste and religion.
Ariyaman Beach: This is a very famous tourist spot on the side of the Palk Bay in Ramanathapuram District. It is a clean beach with gentle waves and calm water. There are watch tower and Children Park. Tourists enjoy adventurous water sports like water Scooters and Windsurfing.
There is water bird sanctuary in Ramanathapuram district and also Kanchirankulam Bird Sanctuary, Pamban rail scissors bridge, Museums etc. The visitors can enjoy Scuba Diving, Migratory birds watching and others.
The accommodation and food are readily available. There are Government guest houses, hotels and restaurants with Gujarati, Marathi and other meals.
There are plenty of shops and markets around the temple. They sell articles made of shells, beads, palm leaves, handicrafts, khadi items etc.